What are literary devices? | Literary Devices

 

what are devices in literature

In general, the literary devices are a collection of universal artistic structures that are so typical of all works of literature frequently employed by the writers to give meanings and a logical framework to their works through language. What are literary devices? Literary devices or literary techniques are specific structures that writers often use to add meaning or create more compelling stories for the reader. Some common examples are metaphor, alliteration, hyperbole, and imagery.


The 31 Literary Devices You Must Know


A clear list of literary devices is a good resource for any writer to have on hand. Strong device usage can help elevate a book from a story people forget, to a piece of literature that stays with them long after they've turned the final page. Click To Tweet. Literary devices are tools writers use to express their ideas with artistic depth. Some might underscore a narrative and work on an intellectual level, while others have more of a subtle, visceral, or emotional effect.

Finally, they might also work to simply enhance the flow and pacing of your writing. No matter what, if you're looking to inject something special into your prose, literary devices are a great place to start.

You can also check out our list of 30 rhetorical devices right here! The Tortoise and the Hare is about more than just a turtle, a rabbit, and a race. It also aims to teach the lesson: slow and steady wins the race. In an allegorical story, events and characters tend to represent more than they appear on the surface.

Example: Animal Farm by George Orwell. A commentary on the events leading up to Stalin's rise and the formation of the Soviet Union, the pigs at the heart of the novel blatantly represent figures such as Stalin, Trotsky, and Molotov. What are devices in literature lends a pleasing cadence to prose or what are devices in literature. You probably allude to things all the time in everyday speech.

An allusion is a passing or indirect descriptive reference to something. Indeed, there are many famously prominent anachronisms in Shakespeare, such as his inclusion of the University of Halle-Wittenberg in Hamlet and his mention of the dollar as currency in Macbeth.

When one applies human traits or qualities to a non-human thing — such as objects, animals, or weather — the thing becomes anthropomorphized. A universally accepted truth stated in a concise, to-the-point manner: that's an aphorism. They typically possess a sharp or witty style that gives them staying power, often taking the form of an adage or proverb.

When two or more parallel clauses are inverted. The use of casual and informal language in writing; what are devices in literature can also include slang. Imagine reading a YA what are devices in literature that takes place in modern America, and the characters speak to each other like this:. However, most people will still understand the truth about what's actually happening.

When authors hint at events yet to come. Foreshadowing is often used to create tension or suspense — leaving readers just enough breadcrumbs to keep them hungry for more. Want to become a foreshadowing expert? Check out our post on the subjectwhat are devices in literature, which is full of examples. Much like a rhetorical question, wherein someone asks a question that doesn't require an answer. I always watch for the longest day in the year and then miss it. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby.

White, Charlotte's Web. Creates contrast between how things seem and how they really are beneath the surface. There are three types of literary irony : dramatic when readers know what will happen before characters dosituational when readers expect a certain outcome, only to be surprised by a turn of eventsand verbal when the intended meaning of a statement is the opposite of what was said.

This is the point of juxtaposition : by placing two or more characters, themes, concepts, places, etc. When it comes to literary what are devices in literature, this one is a heavy hitter. Unlike juxtaposition, what are devices in literature, metaphors help us make sense of things by comparing the common characteristics of two unlike things.

They do us no good, just stick into our skin and hurt us. One metaphor example not enough? Whatever form a motif takes, it recurs throughout the novel and helps develop the theme of the narrative.

This might be a symbol, concept, or image. Check out this post for an helpful guide to motifs! Frank Baum, the yellow brick road is a motif that represents the journey of life and growing up. Examples of onomatopoeia include whiz, buzz, snap, grunt, etc. His cows like to type, what are devices in literature. Click, clack, moo. Clickety, clack, moo. When you put two contradictory words together in a sentence to describe something, you create an oxymoron. While juxtaposition contrasts two story elements, oxymorons are about the actual words you are using.

Example: "Parting is such sweet sorrow. Find more examples of oxymorons here. While anthropomorphism applies human traits to non-human things think of Donkey from Shrek — or any animal character from any cartoonpersonification uses human traits to describe non-human things such as animals, object, or natural phenomena. The behavior of the thing does not change. The mode of narration in a story. There are various types of point of view POV an author can choose, what are devices in literature, and each one will have a huge impact on the reading experience.

To learn more about first, second, and third person POV, check out our comprehensive guide on the subject. Example: Second person POV is the least common because it directly addresses the reader — not an easy narrative to pull off. But here you are, and you cannot say that the terrain is entirely unfamiliar, what are devices in literature, although the details are fuzzy.

This one is definitely for authors looking to add a bit of artistic flare to their writing. Instead of using a singular, technically-necessary conjunction or connecting word, polysyndeton involves several used in succession for a dramatic effect. Symbols typically derive from objects — for instance, what are devices in literature, a dove might represent peace, or raven might represent death. Readers and writers alike can get a lot out of understanding literary devices and how they're commonly used.

Meanwhile, writers can use literary devices to connect with readers, giving their words a boosted opportunity of providing audiences with lasting meaning. Have you ever struggled to use a literary device in your writing? Let's get technical — share your questions or thoughts in the comments below! Paraprosdokians are also delightful literary devices for creating surprise or intrigue.

They cause a reader to rethink a concept or traditional expectation. What are devices in literature proudly circulate our newsletter to overauthors each week. Subscribe today today for writing, publishing and marketings tips, what are devices in literature.

 

35 Literary Devices and Literary Terms (with Definitions and Examples)

 

what are devices in literature

 

In general, the literary devices are a collection of universal artistic structures that are so typical of all works of literature frequently employed by the writers to give meanings and a logical framework to their works through language. What are literary devices? Literary devices or literary techniques are specific structures that writers often use to add meaning or create more compelling stories for the reader. Some common examples are metaphor, alliteration, hyperbole, and imagery.