Hypochondriasis - Wikipedia


hypochondria case study

To qualify for the diagnosis of hypochondria the symptoms must have been experienced for at least 6 months. The DSM-IV-TR defines this disorder, "Hypochondriasis", as a somatoform disorder and one study has shown it to affect about 3% of the visitors to primary care tisismortcrit.mltion: SSRI, antidepressants. Aug 01,  · Hypochondriasis: Definition, Causes and Treatment. Chapter 14 / Lesson 4 Transcript tisismortcrit.ml has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area . Hypochondria: Definition, Symptoms, Treatment & Causes. People with hypochondria (hypochondriasis) do this obsessively. tisismortcrit.ml has thousands .

Hypochondria: The Impossible Illness | Psychology Today

The term hypochondriasis is one of the oldest medical terms, originally used to describe disorders believed to be due to disease of the organ situated in the hypochondrium. Since then, the term has been used in many ways. DSM-IV describes the condition as a, hypochondria case study. Appropiate physical evaluation does not support the diagnosis of any physical disorder than can account for the physical signs or sensations or for the individual's unrealistic interpretation of them.

Hypochondriasis is characterized by severe anxiety over the possibility of having a disease. A person interprets physical symptoms and sensations as signs of a serious medical illness despite medical reassurance that they are not. Hypochondriasis and the other somatoform disorders are among the most hypochondria case study and most complex psychiatric disorders to treat in the medical setting.

Hippocrates used the term hypochondrium in the 4th century BC to refer to the anatomic area below the ribs, hypochondria case study. Later, the term hypochondriasis emerged to refer to the ill effects upon the psyche and soma of humors or fluids that emanate from the hypochondrium and cause disease. The term hypochondria is from the Greek - literally 'below the cartilage', referring to the lower ribs and the underlying spleen and liver, hypochondria case study.

Its application to mental states comes from the theory of humours, relating moods to the liver and spleen. Similarly depression was called melancholia, literally black bile. Atrabilious - a favourite term of Carlyles - has the same meaning, hypochondria case study. Hypochondria case study also uses 'spleen' to refer to his ill-health, hypochondria case study.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition DSM-IV defines hypochondriasis as hypochondria case study preoccupation with fears of having, hypochondria case study, or the belief that one has, hypochondria case study, a serious disease based on misinterpretation of bodily symptoms.

In hypochondriasis, this preoccupation lasts at least 6 months and persists despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance. A person with hypochondriasis may be especially concerned about a particular organ system such as the cardiac or digestive system.

A doctor's reassurance and even a complete medical evaluation often will not calm the person's fears. Or, if it does calm them, other worries may emerge days later. Hypochondriasis occurs most commonly between the ages of 20 and 30 and appears to affect both sexes equally.

Some people with hypochondriasis also have depression or anxiety. Physical symptoms that may be misinterpreted include borborygmi, abdominal bloating and crampy discomfort, cardiac awareness, and sweating.

The location, quality, and duration of such symptoms are often described in minute detail, but symptoms usually do not follow a recognizable pattern of organic dysfunction and are generally not associated with abnormal physical findings.

Examination and reassurance by a physician does not relieve the concerns of the patient, who tends to believe the physician has failed to find the real cause. Symptoms adversely affect social and occupational functioning and cause significant distress. A person suffering from hypochondria is preoccupied with physical health and has an unrealistic fear of serious disease well out of proportion to the actual risk.

There is no specific cause of hypochondria, and it occurs in men and women with equal frequency. Although the exact cause of this problem is unknown, stressful life situations may overwhelm a person and contribute to the development of generalized hypochondria case study. A history of excessive worry may also be a predisposing factor in its development.

Note that generalized anxiety may be exacerbated by excessive caffeine intake, hypochondria case study. The course has not been well described but a year follow-up by Barsky et al. A supportive relationship with a health care provider is hypochondria case study mainstay of treatment. There should be one primary provider to avoid unnecessary diagnostic tests and procedures. Psychotherapy usually does not work well in treating hypochondriasis. Cognitive-behavior therapy may also relieve symptoms.

Most people with the disorder are not eager to see a mental health professional, hypochondria case study. However, a savvy therapist can help the person to cope with symptoms rather than curing them. Doctors and therapists should take hypochondria case study physical symptoms seriously, because the symptoms are real.

The health care provider should inform the person that no organic disease is present, but that continued medical follow-up will help control the symptoms. The person with hypochondria feels real distress, so the symptoms should not be denied or challenged by others. If the person has anxiety or depression that responds to treatment with medication, the prognosis can be quite good.

Otherwise, a person with hypochondriasis may be susceptible to chronic distress and functional impairment. Sometimes crying or laughing hypochondria case study the only options left, and laughing feels better right now. Cipralex for Teens Cipralex - used by teens to relieve depression and panic.

Paranoia Affects Paranoia is not something to ignore. Take action. Depression Affects Can depression affect men in daily life and ruin it? Conversion Disorder Here emotional distress are expressed through physical symptoms.

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hypochondria case study


Hypochondria: Definition, Symptoms, Treatment & Causes. People with hypochondria (hypochondriasis) do this obsessively. tisismortcrit.ml has thousands . Aug 01,  · Hypochondriasis: Definition, Causes and Treatment. Chapter 14 / Lesson 4 Transcript tisismortcrit.ml has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area . Jan 01,  · Hypochondria: The Impossible Illness The worst-case hypochondriacs can delve into the deepest depths of depression The use of Prozac .